What is Speech & Language?
Speech Therapy is a specific, specially designed intervention for students who have difficulty producing speech accurately. Speech is very complicated! It is produced through the coordination of several systems:respiratory system (provides the power),phonotory (that’s what makes the sound),resonatory (that shapes the sound), andarticulatory (that controls the sound).All of these systems must be coordinated quickly and accurately to produce speech. It’s amazing how we do it! Speech therapy supports remediation of several articulation disorders. Articulation errors are most common, but stuttering, voice disorders, phonological impairment, dyspraxia, and dysarthria are all treated with varying speech therapy interventions too!Language Therapy is specially designed intervention for students who have difficulty learning, understanding, or using any of the parts of language to communicate. Language has five main building blocks.Let’s start small. The first building block of language is the phoneme is the primary unit of sounds used to create words.The second block is a morpheme. A morpheme is a unit of sound that has meaning. For example, “s” is a morpheme when I say “dogs” because the “s” lets you know I was talking about more than one dog, adding the “s” changes that words meaning.The third block is semantics. That’s our vocabulary all the words we know and use.The fourth block is syntax/grammar these are the rules which our language follows to put all of our word together. This includes in which order we say words and how we construct what we say.The fifth block is pragmatics. Pragmatics is how we use our communication for different purposes. You choose different words depending on who you’re talking to, where you’re talking, and what you want to convey. This also includes non-verbal communication, meaning your gestures and facial expressions. They are communicating too!All those building blocks make great communication!Useful Links
General Communication Issues:
http://www.med.umich.edu/yourchild/topics/devmile.htm The University of Michigan Health System provides a detailed list of all developmental milestones at various age groups from birth through adolescence. It's a summary from the American Academy of Pediatrics and Zero to Three.
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/actearly/default.htm This information from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides developmental milestones for children from 3 months to 5 years of age and offers developmental warning signs of autism for each age group. The site also offers interactive tools for users to specify certain ages, select areas of development, and examine expected changes in milestones over time.